International Labour Day 2014 is being marked today across the globe including Pakistan with theme “Maintaining Productivity sustained by Mutual Dialogue”.
It is being celebrated all across the world every year on 1st of May which has been declared as the traditional spring holiday in the Europe and Pakistan.
The Day is marked by different rallies and seminars to highlight the fundamental and basic rights of the working class.
Labor unions throughout Pakistan organize seminars and rallies where union leaders deliver speeches emphasizing the history of Labor Day and its importance.
International Labour Day is also known as the International Worker’s Day and May Day to promote and encourage the international labour associations.
International Labour Day or May Day is celebrated to finish the struggle as well as to promote the requirement of eight-hour work day. Earlier the working condition of the laborer was very severe and working hours was 10 to 16 hour a day even in the unsafe conditions.
Deaths, injuries and other dreadful conditions of the workers were very common at the workplace during the 1860′s and working people were very agitated throughout the workday until the 8-hour workday was declared.
The rising death of the working class people (men, women and children) in many working industries, required to raise the voice for the safety of the working group people by decreasing their working hours in the industries.
After the lots of efforts made by the workers and socialists, eight-hours was declared as the legal time for the workers in the national convention at Chicago in 1884 by the American Federation of Labor.
Many people have sacrificed their lives during the Haymarket Massacre which was held in the Chicago during the strike of workers.
May Day is celebrated to commemorate the event of Haymarket Massacre as well as to promote the social and economic achievements of the working group people.
Pakistan’s first labor policy was devised in 1972, in which May 1 was declared an official holiday. This policy also formulated the creation of the Social Security Network, Old Age Benefit Schemes and Workers Welfare Fund. Pakistan’s constitution also contains various provisions and articles about labor rights.
May 1 is a national holiday in more than 80 countries. It is also celebrated unofficially in many other countries.